Healpful Tips

Aquarium Maintenance

Proper water management and maintenance programme is the key to success, the list of items below are designed as a quick checklist for aquarium maintenance and fishkeeping, however we strongly recommend that you read at least a couple of the many good references that are available on fishkeeping. Basically you need to conduct the following as part of your routine maintenance on a regular basis:

  • Test your system water for SG, pH, ammonia, nitrite, calcium, and Phosphate, on a weekly basis, and correct for any deficiencies.
  • Change 10 - 15 % of your system water once every month, depending on your life support system and livestock. Avoid changing more than 50 % of the water in your system at any time.
  • Test for nitrate level and try to keep the levels below 50 ppm by partial water change or removal of nitrate source.
  • For water change, use only de-chlorinated water, or freshly made saltwater mixed with filtered water from the reverse osmosis unit (this water will be of high quality with nil nutrients and will help to prevent algae) brought up to the same temperature as the water in your system.
  • Algae is a natural product in any healthy aquarium, but too much can be unsightly and a nuisance. It can be controlled by adding some algae grazer species such as turbo snails, and or removal of nitrate source.
  • Do not use any window cleaners to clean the aquarium panels, most of these contain ammonia and will kill your fish.
  • Do not use any abrasive cleaners or abrasive materials on the acrylic, this can and will cause scratching of the surface.
  • Do not use glass algae magnets on the acrylic; they can be very abrasive since they are designed for glass. There are other units that are specifically designed for acrylic aquaria.
  • Fish foods also add phosphate into the water, which will encourage algae growth. Therefore, it is very important to siphon any uneaten food from the bottom of your aquarium. We highly recommend that you feed your fish sparingly once or twice a day with just enough food that it can all be eaten within a few minutes. And feed your fish with varied diet and nutrition.
  • Always observe your fish behaviour during feeding; this is a good time to watch the fish closely for any symptoms of stress, this is often an early sign of illness which would otherwise remain undetected until it is too late.
  • Always isolate any stressed or diseased fish into a quarantine tank for treatment and recovery.


Measure and maintain the salinity (SG) between 1.022 – 1.026. Maintain the water temperature of 23-27˚C, (the ideal temperature is 25˚C). The key factor here is not to allow more than 2˚C fluctuation in any given 24 hours.

Ammonia should read 0.0ppm and Nitrite below 10ppm, pH 8.0 – 8.4, KH 8 – 12, calcium above 410, and nil or low level of phosphate. To keep the phosphate low, a phosphate remover unit should be placed in a high flow area of the aquarium (Phosphate is one of the major factors for the undesirable algae growth). These tests should be conducted on a weekly basis to ensure that all water parameters are within limits.

Reverse Osmosis Water (RO)

Reverse osmosis is a method of processing water. During filtration, all minerals are removed. However, all the oxygen is also used, so you must never add 'pure' or distilled water directly to your aquarium. It is important to aerate the water for 24 hours first. The drawback to the reverse osmosis unit is that it is very wasteful - it requires 10 gallons of tap water to create 1 gallon of RO water. If you have one of these units, try to use the waste water for something useful - you can use it to water plants if you're using a fertilizer at the same time.

Reef Aquarium

Reef Aquarium

Microfiber Cleaning Cloth

Professional Aquarium Maintenance


Bahrain Aqualife Centre has been providing professional aquarium design and maintenance services since 1985. Our technical staffs are trained and have extensive knowledge in the aquarium field. We service many different types of marine aquariums. We maintain everything from the smallest of desk-top aquariums to the large lobby display aquariums, nothing is too small or too big for us to handle. We also service and maintain existing aquariums and new installations.

Each and every aquarium is unique and needs to be treated as such when being serviced and maintained; because of this our pricing varies with each job, depending on the type of aquarium, location, size, type of livestock, type of filtration, etc. All of our maintenance technicians are extremely knowledgeable and experienced in being able to recognize and treat any issues that may arise in your aquarium.

Not only do we offer standard plans to help clean and maintain your aquarium, we also offer supply and livestock packages to keep your aquarium fully stocked and continuously growing.

Basic Aquarium Maintenance Plan:

  • Cleaning of algae off acrylic/glass surfaces.
  • Cleaning of sand/gravel.
  • Cleaning of rocks and corals.
  • Water parameters tests and correct for any deficiencies.
  • Checking all mechanical and electrical equipments.
  • Cleaning/replacing all filter pads.
  • Cleaning protein skimmers
  • Checking fish health and medicating when necessary.

  • Optional Add On:

  • Supply and replenishment of diseased/dead fish.
  • Delivery and feeding of speciality food.
  • Supply of artificial rocks/corals and other decorations.
  • Aquascaping scene changes.

Lease Programs

Aquarium Lease Packages are available. The entire system, all consumable supplies, all fish, and maintenance labour are supplied by us. Please call for our rates.
If this where you want your aquarium to be, then you should adhere to the maintenance procedure.

Ammonia & Nitrite Testing

Salinity Testing

Algae Scrapers